Emile Zola published the article four years after the Dreyfus Affair, claiming that the French government commited an injustice by giving a life sentence to Dreyfus for a crime he did not commit. Zola intentionally wrote this so he will be tried for libel, thus forcing the information about Dreyfus' trial to the public.

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By Émile Zola, L'Aurore - Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=41916850