Kristallnacht

1938

Also known as "The Night of Broken Glass," Kristallnacht marks the turning point of Jewish persecution in Nazi-controlled areas. Pogroms were widespread over Germany, annexed Austria, and German-occupied countries. Jewish men were arrested, many of whom were sent to concentration camps and prisons (most were released after a few months.)

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By Center for Jewish History, NYC - Flickr: Interior view of the destroyed Fasanenstrasse Synagogue, Berlin, burned during the November Pogroms, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=24622435