Operation Ezra and Nehemiah

1951 - 1952

There was rising anti-semitism in Iraq, and its government illegalized Zionism and aliyah. The Israeli government negotiated with Iraq, and Iraq granted Jews the right to make aliyah as long as they leave all their money and property behind, except for $140 and 66 pounds of luggage. Israel conducted airlifts to bring 120,000 Jews to Israel over a few months.

Aviv Kochavi.png

By Zoltan Kluger - This is available from National Photo Collection of Israel, Photography dept. Goverment Press Office (link), under the digital ID D820-111.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4903313