World War I
1914 - 1918
During World War I, Jews took sides and fought on both the Allied Powers and Central Powers. Jews' loyalties to the countries they lived in were questioned. 600,000 Jews from Russia were banished with the accusation that they were working with the enemies. At the end of the war, Germans claimed that the Jews were traitors, and Ukrainian nationalists, Red Army soldiers, and Polish officials participated in anti-Bolshevik progroms againt the Jews.
By User:Hohum - Trenches on the Western FrontGerman Albatros D.III biplane fighters of Jasta 11 at Douai, FranceVickers machine gun crew with gas masksBritish Mark V tanksBritish battleship HMS Irresistible, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30191802